Archive for November, 2013

Spanish American Turmoil

Sam Operchuck

11-16-13

The Monroe Doctrine.

BEFORE THE MONROE DOCTRINE

           

            Before the time of the Monroe doctrine, a revolutionary uprising had been taking place in the Spanish American colonies from the period of 1810 through 1822. By the time of 1822, the majority of Spanish America had fought their way to independence. At this time in Europe, four powers met at the Congress of Verona to discuss the possibility of intervening and reconquering the colonies for Spain (this was primarily sought for by King Louis XVIII of France). Austria, France, Prussia and Russia were all included in this congress, however England opposed the movement for two primary concerns: for one, England had already built upon a strong trade base with the freed Spanish colonies and stood to lose profit. Secondly, France spoke of sending a strong army to Spanish America, which England feared would also give France opportunity to establish colonies. With all this at stake, England (via foreign secretary George Canning) offered an alliance to ward off Spain and France. John Quincy Adams warned against alliance with England as possibly hindering future westward expansion, and Monroe  heeded his suggestion.

 

THE MONROE DOCTRINE IS PRESENTED

 

Thus at his annual congressional address, President Monroe produced a speech declaring that 1) The United States would avoid interference with existing European colonies, 2) “The United States would not get involved in European affairs”, 3) External nations were prohibited from forming colonies within the Western Hemisphere and 4) if a European country attempted to “control or interfere with a nation in the Western Hemisphere, the United States would view it as a hostile act against this nation”. Many of these arguments were aimed directly at France for her edging towards invasion of Spanish America to develop a monarchy.

 

SIGNIFICANCE

 

Unfortunately and interestingly, the United States did not really hold the power to enforce such a declaration. For a time, the doctrine “went mostly unnoticed”. Europe refrained from entering Latin America mainly from fear of England. Yet the doctrine indeed held more weight than what was realized at the time of its authorship. It would go on to develop and influence American Foreign policy, as well as play key roles in many presidencies in the future.

 

 

CITATIONS

 

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/626367/Congress-of-Verona

 

http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/monroe/aa_monroe_doctrine_2.html

 

http://www.history.com/topics/monroe-doctrine

 

http://www.expat-chronicles.com/2011/10/monroe-doctrine-an-overview/

 

 

November 16, 2013 at 1:24 pm Leave a comment

The Monroe Doctrine

Statements of the Monroe Doctrine                                                                                             On December 2, 2813, President James Monroe submitted his seventh annual message to Congress. This message was an important document known as the Monroe Doctrine. Within this document, it warned the European countries about their interference with American affairs. The document established four main points. First, the European countries were no longer permitted to colonize the United States. Second, Europe and the United States had different policies and systems. Third, any interference in the Western hemisphere would be seen as a threat. Lastly, the United States would, in return, would not get involved in European affairs or interfere with existing colonies in the West.

Significance                                                                                                                                The Monroe Doctrine was used in many later situations that President Monroe himself never thought of. Although European countries did in fact avoid the United States, it was in fact out of fear from the British force, not the U.S. The Monroe Doctrine actually wasn’t immediately recognized as an official doctrine in the American policies. In 1840, nearly a decade later, the doctrine was used by President Polk. When the French declared Archduke Maximilian as the head of Mexico, the United States referred to the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the French were violating their document. As a result, the Doctrine was honored and used by many following Presidents.

Sourcess:

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/390243/Monroe-Doctrine

http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h255.html

November 15, 2013 at 1:31 pm Leave a comment

Monroe Doctrine

       John Quincy Adams wrote the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 in response to Austria, Russia, Prussia, and France’s threat to help Spain reconquer its colonies in the New World.  It stated that America would not tolerate any European countries attempting to colonize.  It also vowed that America would likewise not interfere with European affairs.  The significance of the Monroe Doctrine was that it worked.  It stopped those countries from intruding into North and Central America.  It was not necessarily fear of America that made them comply, but their fear of England. Later presidents had also used this document for settling conflicts. 

 

  • historyrocket.com
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  • The book

November 15, 2013 at 10:09 am 2 comments

The Monroe Doctrine

The Monroe Doctrine basically said that the United States would not meddle in European affairs that did not concern it.  The Monroe Doctrine more specifically warned Europe that America was not allowed to be colonized by any new European power and that America would stay out of Europe.  The significance of the Monroe Doctrine was that the United States could expand in their country, and that other countries would not try to settle empty land before them.  The Monroe Doctrine warned many countries including Russia, Spain, and England.  In fact because of the Monroe Doctrine Russia backed out of the Oregon country.  I would say that the Monroe doctrine was honored because later it was expanded and reinterpreted.

Sources

http://history.state.gov/milestones/1801-1829/monroe

http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/monroe/aa_monroe_doctrine_1.html

November 13, 2013 at 4:43 pm Leave a comment

The Monroe Doctrine

Danielle Wood
11/13/13

The Monroe Doctrine

            On December 2, 1823, President James Monroe made his seventh annual address to Congress.  Within this address, the famous Monroe Doctrine was stated by the president.  The Monroe Doctrine declared that the United States was no longer under the rule of European Powers.  Also, it gave them the right to interfere with the colonization of efforts of other European countries if viewed as acts of aggression.  However, the doctrine also stressed that the United States would not interfere with the existing European colonies or meddle in the affairs of the European countries.  The intent of this foreign policy was to warn the European nations, mainly Spain and France, that their further colonization of the New World would not be accepted by the American colonies.  Great Britain agreed with this policy and therefore wanted to form an alliance with The United States; however, the United States rejected the proposal seeking to do this on their own.  The Monroe Doctrine made a big impact in the world.  It gave the United States a new respect for standing up to the threats of the bigger and stronger countries.  It was noted by these other countries that heeded the warnings and remained distant from the United States avoiding any conflict in North America.  The Monroe Doctrine has been used many times since Monroe’s presidency including during the presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, and many others.  It is very much honored for the bravery it took for James Monroe to make that stand alone without the help of another country.  Even to this day it is a part of our nation’s foreign policy.

Sources:

http://.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_Doctrine

http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=23

http://history.state.gov/milestones/1801-1829/monroe

 

November 13, 2013 at 11:41 am 2 comments

Monroe Doctrine

Monroe Doctrine

The Monroe doctrine was a warning to all European powers not to interfere with any western affairs. The U.S felt like it was their responsibility to take care of western hemisphere affairs.  The Monroe doctrine also stated that the U.S would not attempt to take any European colonies in the Caribbean or southern hemisphere, but Europe would have to stay out of all Latin American affairs. In 1821 Russia claimed the Oregon country as its own America did not have the power at this time really to do anything about it, but England that had been making extremely profitable trade with Latin America and the U.S at this time. England still being a world power backed the Monroe Doctrine. All other European countries having more respect for England rather than America backed off all their claims and colonies in the New World (including Russia’s claims to the Oregon territory).    As some examples of all of this America in 1865 exerted diplomatic and military pressure in support of the Mexican President Juarez who lead a successful rebellion against their French leader, who was placed on the Mexican throne by the French. America was further involved in further western policies such as Haiti, Nicaragua and Santa damigo which all took place 40 years later under president Theodore Roosevelt.

http://www.ourdocuments.gov

And our text book.

November 13, 2013 at 11:12 am 4 comments

Napoleon

Napoleon was mainly interested in the Louisiana Purchase for two reasons.  First, he was a very greedy person and wanted not just the control of Britain, but also all of the New World, so he got control of the Louisiana Purchase, about one-third of the New World, from Spain.  Another reason he wanted the land was to provide food for the plantation workers in Haiti.  For awhile Napoleon had control over Haiti, but the slaves were fed up with the cruel lives Napoleon was forcing upon them, so they started an uprising.  The salves won and were no longer under Napoleon’s rule.  He no longer needed the land to provide food for them.

At this point in time, Jefferson feared that if Napoleon got the land, he would cut off trade, and this would force them to go to war.  So in an attempt to avoid war, he offered to buy New Orleans, but Napoleon offered to sell him all of the Louisiana Purchase, because he needed money more than land. Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase for $15,000,000.

I personally would not have wanted control of the Louisiana Purchase, because with the more land you govern, the work, money, and time you have to put in.  In other words, more responsibility.  And with greater responsibility, you have less time for some of the smaller things in life that can be just as important as the big things.

November 10, 2013 at 8:06 pm Leave a comment

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