Basketball

Mark Handel

3/6/14

 

James Naismith invented the sport of basketball in the winter of 1891-1892 to keep his students in a physical education class occupied.

 

What type of people played this sport?

Men in college or older usually played the sport.  Blacks didn’t play until 1902 when they allowed Bucky Lew to play.

 

Was it played professionally?  If so by whom?

It was first played professionally in 1898.  The first known basketball game was on November 7, 1896.  The first teams came from the bigger cities on the East coast.

 

What equipment did they use to play it?

When basketball was first invented, they used a peach basket and a ball.  They first used a regular soccer ball before they came out with a basketball.  Later, they switched to rings so they didn’t have to fetch the ball when it was in the peach basket.

Was it played by schools and colleges?

Colleges started taking interest in basketball in 1901.  Basketball was played by many colleges including Trenton, Minnesota, Utah, Chicago, and Columbia.

 

How does it differ from the modern day sport?

One of the things that was different about it was that when it first started the ball was shot into a peach basket rather than a hoop.  When it first came out, the players were not allowed to dribble the ball.  Instead, when the received the ball, they either had to shoot a basket or pass to another team player.

 

Why is the history of sports important?

The history of sports can help you know why they are played or you can learn about the culture of the country which came up with the sport.

 

Sources

http://nbahoopsonline.com/Articles/History1.html

http://www.springfieldcollege.edu/welcome/birthplace-of-basketball/index#.UxjdDIVWhRw

http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0875085.html

 

March 6, 2014 at 9:45 pm Leave a comment

The Origin of Basketball

Danielle Wood
3/6/14

            In 1891, James Naismith, a physical education teacher at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts at the time, invented the sport of basketball.  With the help of American physical education specialist Luther Halsey Gulick, Naismith devised the indoor sport as an athletic distraction for a rowdy class during the long and harsh New England Winter.  The first official rules were devised in 1892.  From then on, the game progressed in its appearance and audience.  It became very popular throughout the country especially among the military.  In fact, it is mainly due to the military that the sport reached a worldwide audience.  Schools and neighborhoods all across the country adopted basketball as a favorite athletic pastime.  It first became actual events in colleges.  The first recorded official college game was on April 8, 1893 at Geneva College in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania.  Professional organizations such as the NBA were not founded until the late 1900s.  Only until around that time did it become a professionally organized sport with leagues across the country.  However, college leagues were begun much earlier.

At the start of basketball, peach baskets attached to a ten-foot-high railing and soccer balls were used.  Since then, backboards were added along with iron hoops and a hammock-style basket.  Official court dimensions were decided upon not long after that.  Also, the United States patented an official ball for the sport in 1929.  From its start at a college which was also a YMCA building at the time, basketball has largely progressed in its setup and rules.  The sport has remained consistent since the national leagues were set up in the late 1900s.  However, the sport was very inconsistent before then.  It certainly took much time for the game to become consistent; however, this can be expected in sports.  Basketball has become one of the most important pastimes in America.  Sports themselves offer exercise and entertainment to people across the country.  There is no doubt of the importance that sports hold here in America.  After all, any neighborhood or school across the country contains some form of the game basketball whether a full court or a simple backboard and net hung high.  The sport of basketball has even helped churches across the globe reach out to teenagers with the gospel.

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_basketball

http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blbasketball.htm

March 6, 2014 at 6:47 pm Leave a comment

Tennis

Sam Operchuck

Blog post 3-5-14

 

 

Tennis

 

What type of people played this sport?

            Tennis was predominantly played (specifically regarding the late 19th Century onwards) by fairly prestigious individuals. Before it’s debut in America, Tennis, or games very similar were “highly regarded by kings and noblemen” as well as “adopted by the Royal family” in France. In many aspects it was considered a “gentleman’s game” much like the sport of Golf. In the 1930s, a great number of courts were assembled in schoolyards and clubs, enabling the public to have a much greater access to the sport.

 

Was it played professionally? If so, by whom?

            Tennis, once popularized, became competitive very quickly. The first Wimbledon Tournament was held  in London, England in 1877. Since then it has gained recognition as one of the most prestigious events in Tennis. The first Men’s Singles Championship was held in the United States in 1881, which is now termed the US Open.

 

What equipment did they use to play it?

            In very early versions of the game, specifically one created by Major Wingfield called “Jeu de Paume”, one could simply play it with their hands or a bat. However as the game progressed and gained popularity, racquets became the preferred instrument of play.

 

Was it played by schools and colleges?

            Tennis was not widely played in colleges during this time. Although a few may have, very little information is given.

 

How does it differ from the modern day sport?

            Tennis is known for it’s drastic changes not in rule, but in gameplay from it’s birth to modern day. For one, racquets were largely made from wood until the late 1960s, which gave the players multiple disadvantages. Predominantly, wood is fairly heavy, making it more difficult to create a stronger swing. Wood also warps with changes in humidity, changing the tension of the strings. Perhaps most importantly, was the change in gameplay. Modern day tennis has become a sport demanding no less of the athlete than top training and strength. During the late 1800s-early 1900s, Tennis was much less widely competitive. Change in courts also occurred. Originally, Courts were not always rectangles. Some were even similar to “hourglass” shapes. However as they evolved to rectangles, the strategies used evolved quickly as well to much more sophisticated, precise plays.

 

Why is the history of sports important?

            Sports have influenced nations more than a lot of people realize. Sports are one of the few events that can bring nations together in peace in spite of ongoing disputes (aka the Olympics) and yet can also be a huge point of controversy. But more so, sports have dramatic effects on pivotal areas of a country, such as the economy, news, television, food and electric industries. Many companies in all the previous industries would go bankrupt if a handful of sports became unpopular or removed.

 

 

CITATIONS

 

http://www.essentialtennis.com/atpnews/misc-atpnews/the-evolution-of-tennis/3506/

 

http://www.historyoftennis.net/history_of_tennis.html

 

http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/sports/tennis-history.html

 

 

March 5, 2014 at 4:07 pm Leave a comment

Basketball

 Victor Ramos

Blog Post

U.S. History, Silas Schaffer

Basketball

The idea of basketball was first brought up in a YMCA in Springfield Massachusetts in 1891.  James Naismith was asked to help teach physical education a men’s class at the YMCA of Springfield Massachusetts. Because it was so cold outside he was asked to invent a new indoor game that the boys could play.  The concept that he came up with was from his childhood when him and his friends threw small pebbles to try and nock large boulders down.  The other partial part of the idea came about from him watching Rugby players throwing practice balls into a box.  James Naismith put the two together and then took two peach baskets and nailed them up to the walls on opposite sides , the first basketball games were crude in design compared to what we have know, but official rules were written out in 1892. Metal rims and hemlock baskets were used at hoops in the beginning of 1893. The first basketball was made out of a two peach basket half’s.  I found this quite interesting and a lot of people actually do not know the history behind basketball, to most people it just appeared out of nowhereImage

March 4, 2014 at 2:06 pm Leave a comment

Education in the 1800s

Education in the 1800s

Teachers in the 1800s did not have as many qualifications as they do today.  In the 1800s, all you needed was a basic knowledge of math, history, reading, and writing. Today you need a college degree.  Back then, most of the teachers were men, but when the civil war started the men were needed to fight.  Teaching was one of the only jobs women could do in the 1800s.  Also, teachers then were not allowed to do things like dance at social gathering or be away from home in the evening, and keep the schoolhouse clean. The women were also not allowed to marry. 

            The students were all kept in one room.  Boys were on one side and girls were on the other.  Unlike today, they were not grouped by grades, but by what book they were using.  This means that some five-year-olds could be in a class with seventeen-year-olds.  Some of the books they used were the Bible, the McGuffey Readers and The Blue-Backed Speller.  The McGuffey’s readers were written by William H. McGuffey.  They were the most commonly distributed schoolbooks in America.  The Blue-backed Speller was written by Noah Webster and was a very popular spelling book.  Around 60 million copies were sold within the first 50 years.

            Before the year of 1852, there were no laws requiring people to go to school.  Massachusetts was the first state to make a law forcing children to go to school.  New York quickly did the same, and within the next all the other states also made it a requirement.

            Most school days lasted from nine AM to four PM.  They got a lunch break from twelve to one, and a recess.

December 15, 2013 at 10:36 pm Leave a comment

1800 schools

The Teachers, Students and Books

Education in the 1800s was governed by the parents. Thus, the parents elected who was going to be the teacher, as well as they were the ones who selected the textbooks and created expectations as opposed to the government. The teacher had close relationships with the parents as well as the students, and often times if the parents couldn’t afford to pay the teacher, they instead provided food, clothing and shelter. Before the Civil War started, many of the teachers were men. However many became soldiers for the war, and as a result, the majority of the teachers were women. 

The students of all ages were grouped together into a one-room schoolhouse. Most of the students were needed at home to help with farming. A typical school day started at 9:00 and ended around 1:00. 

The students used textbooks like “The Blue-Backed Speller” by Noah Webster, “McGuffey’s Eclectic readers” by William H. McGuffey. The Blue-Backed Speller consisted of Scripture passages, lessons about economics and morality as well as geography. McGuffey’s Eclectic readers taught geography, patriotism, Biblical morals, science, as well as poetry. 

Schools then and now

Schools then and now have changed drastically. In the 1800s, the schools often times started in October and ended around May, due to the fact that that the students were needed at home for farming. Now, most public schools start around the end of August, and end mid June. Public schools are now primarily run by the government, as well as many of them do not present teachings from the Bible or encourage the Christian morals. Most public schools instead teach things that lead students away from God, such as the theory of Evolution. Nonetheless, schools have come a long way with big differences in the technology and the teaching system. 

Sources

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/awlhtml/awlscho.html

http://www.pbs.org/kcet/publicschool/evolving_classroom/

http://www.northwesthistoryexpress.com/timeline/education1800.php

December 13, 2013 at 2:11 pm 1 comment

School houses in the 1800s

Danielle Wood
12/12/13

 

In the early 1800s, there were no public schools that were financed by the government.  The only schooling there was besides at home was one room school houses financed and worked by the people in a small town.  The teacher was chosen by the parents of the children.  The requirements were very low.  Basically, the teacher just needed to know a little bit about the basic subjects like math, history, science, reading, and writing.  There were no specific courses for the teachers until later.  The teachers were men in the beginning, but because of World War II, men were needed to fight and so teaching became the only job that single women were allowed to have.  Eventually, the number of women teachers grew much higher than the number of men teachers. In the typical school day, the teacher got up at dawn and went to the schoolhouse.  They would be there teaching during the school hours and after school they would then clean the school house.  During the schooling time, the students would all be together no matter their grade.  The classes were mostly small.  Sometimes there could be 30 kids and other times there could be as little as one.  Since there was no law for children to attend school, many farm kids would be kept home to help on the farm.  This was frequent in rural towns.  The school day would typically last from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.  The school would be open for 10-11 weeks twice a year in summer and winter.  The first school period would begin in the third week of May and the second would begin in the third week of November.  The most well-known text books used were the Blue-Backed Speller and the Eclectic Readers which were written by Noah Webster and William H. McGuffey.  The schoolhouses in the 1800s were very different from the public schools we have today.  One difference that to me makes the biggest impact is the Bible’s position in it.  The children were allowed to bring Bibles to read and were encouraged to pray.  The focus of the teaching was on the Christian life.  The Bible had a big part in the school houses, but once the government took over schooling and developed public schools it was clear that the focus was shifted away from God.

Sources:

http://nashuaschoolhouse.com/Country_School_Life.html

http://www.iptv.org/iowapathways/mypath.cfm?ounid=ob_000254

December 12, 2013 at 6:08 pm 4 comments

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